The writers state that 120 children and 1200-1300 people in Mongolia are dying every year due to illnesses and disease caused by or exacerbated by air pollution.
MNUMS researched air pollution effects on health in cooperation with the University of California and Seoul National University. The report shows that children under the age of five are at greater risk than adults; air pollution can severely damage the development of a child’s body.
Based on the WHO studies in 2009, over seven thousand deaths occur annually in Mongolia; 10% of them are associated with air pollution. However, the number of deaths increased to 20% in 2014.
Currently the coldest winter in a decade has led to the increase in the burning of cheap fuel in the capital’s ‘ger district’ shanty towns, which has resulted in more intense pollution.